By Shyamantha Asokan NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Indian companies that built most of the parts for the country's recently launched Mars mission are using their low-cost, high-tech expertise in frugal space engineering to compete for global aerospace, defence and nuclear contracts worth billions. India's Mangalyaan spacecraft was launched last month and then catapulted from Earth orbit on December 1, clearing an important hurdle on its 420 million mile journey to Mars and putting it on course to be the first Asian mission to reach the red planet. The venture has a price tag of just 4.5 billion rupees ($72 million), roughly one-tenth the cost of Maven, NASA's latest Mars mission. Those firms with proven space know-how will find themselves with the advantage as India, the world's biggest arms importer, shells out $100 billion over a decade to modernise its military with the country favouring local sources.
Trusted science news from around the web from many reliable sources.
Thirty years of shrinking Arctic sea ice has boosted extreme summer weather, including heat waves and drought, in the United States and elsewhere, according to a study published today (Dec. 8) in the journal Nature Climate Change. The new study — based on satellite tracking of sea ice, snow cover and weather trends since 1979 — links the Arctic's warming climate to shifting weather patterns in the Northern Hemisphere's midlatitudes. "The results of our new study provide further support and evidence for rapid Arctic warming contributing to the observed increased frequency and intensity of heat waves," said study co-author Jennifer Francis, an atmospheric scientist at Rutgers University in New Jersey. Changes in the Arctic can perturb midlatitude weather in such regions as the United States, Europe and China because temperature differences between the two zones drive the jet stream, the fast-moving river of air that circles the Northern Hemisphere, explained lead study author Qiuhong Tang, an atmospheric scientist at the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research in Beijing.
The remains of a wealthy estate, with a mosaic fountain in its garden, dating to between the late 10th and early 11th centuries have been unearthed in Ramla in central Israel. "It seems that a private building belonging to a wealthy family was located there and that the fountain was used for ornamentation," Hagit Torgë, excavation director on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, said in a statement. Fountains from the Fatimid period were mostly found around the center of the Old City of Ramla called White Mosque, Torgë added.
A planet-hunting NASA spacecraft has detected no sign of moon-size black holes yet in the Milky Way galaxy, limiting the chances that such objects could make up most of the "dark matter" that has mystified scientists for decades. It remains so mysterious that scientists are still uncertain as to whether dark matter is made of microscopic particles or far larger objects. The consensus right now is that dark matter consists of a new type of particle, one that interacts very weakly at best with all the known forces of the universe except gravity. As such, dark matter is invisible and mostly intangible, with its presence only detectable via the gravitational pull it exerts.
- Science News: China's 1st Moon Rover Arrives in Lunar Orbit
- Science News: Top-Secret US Spy Satellite Launches into Orbit (Photos)
- Science News: Lemurs Snooze in Caves Like Early Humans
- Science News: Cockroaches Munched on Dinosaur Poop
- Science News: Lemon Sharks Return to Their Birthplace to Have Babies
- Science News: Your Dream Job? 10 Fun & Unique Businesses For Sale
- Science News: Five Out-of-This-World Gifts for Space Geeks
- Science News: Curved Penis Condition Gets New Drug
- Science News: Snowy Owls Make Mysterious Migration
- Science News: Colon Cancer Linked to Low Diversity of Gut Bacteria
- Science News: An Expanding Alternative to High-Risk Heart Valve Surgery (Op-Ed)
- Science News: Greening the Big Apple in a Changing Climate (Op-Ed)
- Science News: New Device Delays Ventilator Need for Some ALS Patients (Op-Ed)
- Science News: Zap! NASA's Curiosity Rover Fires 100,000th Laser Shot on Mars
- Science News: Giant Alien Planet Discovered in Most Distant Orbit Ever Seen
- Science News: Glowing Mushrooms Photographed in Quirk of Fate
- Science News: Nelson Mandela's Long Life: Could Noble Work Have Played a Role?
- Science News: Get Naked and Dig: The Bizarre Effects of Hypothermia
- Science News: Major US Winter Storm Spotted from Space
- Science News: The Most Popular and Weirdest Baby Names of 2013
Comments (Whistles) Designed By Disqus