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To fix net neutrality we need competition of broadband providers | Local Loop Unbundling explained



Enforcing net neutrality as a public policy without enforcing competition of broadband providers in the US is a losing strategy. The Internet has never been neutral. The FCC is free to define its policies and each new administration can rewrite net neutrality completely. Thus, we need to bring back local loop unbundling as our only chance to bring broadband competition in the US. I'll give you an in-dept explanation of how the Internet operates, and how the nature of traffic exchange makes it difficult to enforce net neutrality as a public policy. My bitcoin address: 1NmqcqYRZVmbCWweaREigX6qZVdtGND6Mx Follow me: https://twitter.com/The_HatedOne_ https://www.bitchute.com/TheHatedOne/ https://www.reddit.com/user/The_HatedOne/ https://www.minds.com/The_HatedOne How to save net neutrality Many opponents of net neutrality have argued against it simply because of their political affiliation. They failed to address solutions to the real problem - America lacks broadband competition and consumers have no power to enforce net neutrality through their market choices. The problem is that telecommunications market is highly noncompetitive in the US. Essentially, all major telecom providers are monopolies. How to bring competition of broadband providers in the US While implementing net neutrality might sound logical, it's only a cosmetic change that doesn't solve the root of the problem. So to bring back competition of broadband providers, we need to implement so called local loop unbundling. Local loop unbundling explained: Local Loop Unbundling is where the Countries Incumbent telecomms operator is required to lease access to its copper lines to other Communications Providers (CPs). This is normally enforced by a regulator to create competition in the market. These service providers then install their own broadband equipment (i.e. a Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer - DSLAM) in the Incumbents Central Office. The equipment is then able to access the copper line out to a customers premises via a handover frame. The incumbent is still responsible for fixing faults on the copper line and the voice phone service (Plain Old Telephone Service - POTS). - http://www.llunbundling.eu/index.htm Sources: Legal documents behind net neutrality 1934 Communications Act https://transition.fcc.gov/Reports/1934new.pdf 1996 Telecommunications Act https://transition.fcc.gov/Reports/tcom1996.pdf 2010 Open Internet Order https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-10-201A1.pdf Court ruling in Verizon v. FCC from 14 January 2014 https://www.cadc.uscourts.gov/internet/opinions.nsf/3AF8B4D938CDEEA685257C6000532062/$file/11-1355-1474943.pdf Computer Inquiries history https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC_Computer_Inquiries https://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1324&context=fclj Verizon sues FCC https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-tech/post/verizon-sues-fcc-over-net-neutrality-rules/2011/09/30/gIQAFUP0AL_blog.html Peering, transit, and Tier 1 Internet Service Providers http://www.us.ntt.net/downloads/papers/IDC_Tier1_ISPs.pdf Big cable lobbying against municipal broadband https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2014/01/who-wants-competition-big-cable-tries-outlawing-municipal-broadband-in-kansas/ Big telecoms lobbying in US https://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?id=D000000076&year=2017 ISP has won limits on public broadband in 20 states https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2014/02/isp-lobby-has-already-won-limits-on-public-broadband-in-20-states/ Why America lacks broadband competition https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2014/04/one-big-reason-we-lack-internet-competition-starting-an-isp-is-really-hard/ Broadband competition in the US https://www.fcc.gov/reports-research/maps/bpr-2016-fixed-25mbps-3mbps-providers/#4/38.82/-94.04/ https://www.fcc.gov/reports-research/reports/broadband-progress-reports/2016-broadband-progress-report Local Loop Unbundling in Europe http://www.icc-uk.com/download/papers/LLU_in_Europe-New_Challenges.pdf Different implementations of local loop unbundling requirements in OECD countries. https://www.oecd.org/sti/broadband/2-7.pdf Credits: Music by https://www.youtube.com/user/CHUKImusic The footage and images featured in the video were for critical analysis, commentary and parody, which are protected under the Fair Use laws of the United States Copyright act of 1976.

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